- 6% of patients who received usual care reported disposing of opioids, compared with 33.3% who received education regarding disposal locations and 57.1% of patients who received a charcoal activated bag.
- The odds of opioid disposal were almost four times higher among participants who received a charcoal bag compared with those who received usual care.
Brummett CM, Steiger R, Englesbe M, et al. Effect of an Activated Charcoal Bag on Disposal of Unused Opioids After an Outpatient Surgical Procedure: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Surg. 2019;154(6):558-561. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2019.0155