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Opioid Pain Management

Opioids are commonly prescribed to control pain after surgery, which doctors refer to as acute pain. The first three days after surgery are usually when patients experience the most discomfort, and while a schedule of over-the-counter acetaminophen and ibuprofen is often enough to control pain and resume activities like eating and sleeping, sometimes it can be so severe that patients will opt to use opioids. Common opioids include codeine, fentanyl, oxycodone, tramadol, and others.

It is essential to know the facts about opioids, their side effects, and how to use them safely. The following actions should be taken prior to taking medication:

  • Determine whether over-the-counter medications can be tried before using opioids
  • Patients should disclose any sedatives or benzodiazepines that they are currently taking
  • As pain lessens, longer wait times should be taken between opioid doses
  • Opioids should not be used for any other reason besides surgical pain and should not be used any more often than prescribed

 
Explore the resources below to learn more about opioids and their risks:

Acute Care Opioid Prescribing Guide

This Guide is a compilation of resources to support evidence-based acute care opioid prescribing.

Pain Control Optimization Pathway

The Pain Control Optimization Pathway (POP) is an innovative, opioid sparing, acute pain management plan. Carefully tailored to meet the demands of specific surgical procedures, POP provides uncompromising pain management to opioid-naïve patients by focusing on education and functional recovery goals.

Dental – Learn the Facts: Opioids and Pain Management

Ask questions and know the facts before using opioids for your pain.

  • What is an opioid?
  • Understanding the risks of using opioids
  • Understanding pain after a dental procedure
  • Using opioids safely
  • Safe storage & disposal of opioids

Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain (CDC)

Intended to improve communication between providers and patients about the risks and benefits of opioid therapy for chronic pain, improve the safety and effectiveness of pain treatment, and reduce the risks associated with long-term opioid therapy, including opioid use disorder and overdose.

Acute Care Opioid Treatment and Prescribing Recommendations: Emergency Department

Prescribing recommendations from the Prescription Drug and Opioid Abuse Commission (PDOAC) for the emergency department. These step-by-step recommendations will assist surgeons prepare for appointments, suggest alternative acute pain therapies for patients, and provide post-procedural guidelines to treat acute pain.

Acute Care Opioid Treatment and Prescribing Recommendations: Dental

Prescribing recommendations from the Prescription Drug and Opioid Abuse Commission (PDOAC) for dentists. These step-by-step recommendations will assist surgeons prepare for appointments, suggest alternative acute pain therapies for patients, and provide post-procedural guidelines to treat acute pain.

Acute Care Opioid Treatment and Prescribing Recommendations: Surgical Department

Prescribing recommendations from the Prescription Drug and Opioid Abuse Commission (PDOAC) for surgeons. These step-by-step recommendations will assist surgeons prepare for appointments, suggest alternative acute pain therapies for patients, and provide post-procedural guidelines to treat acute pain.

Impacting the Opioid Crisis: Prevention, Education, and Practice for Non-Prescribing Providers

This free course will empower non-prescribing providers and other learners in directly impacting the opioid epidemic through increased knowledge and tools to transform practice and policies.

Medication Tracking Log

This log will help you keep track of which medication you’ve given your child, including the time they’ve received it and the dose.

Michigan Opioid Laws

This poster, placed in your waiting or exam rooms, helps patients understand the requirements and limitations, mandated by Michigan law, when writing for prescription opioids.

Only available for organizations in Michigan

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