The following are Michigan laws that protect individuals who are giving naloxone to reverse an opioid overdose.
Public Act Number 313 (2014) Section 333.17744c. – Criminal exemption
“A person that administers an opioid antagonist to an individual who he or she believes is suffering an opioid-related overdose and that acts in good faith and with reasonable care is immune from criminal prosecution or sanction under any professional licensing act for that act.”
Public Act 314 (2014) Section 691.1503 – Civil exemption
“An individual who in good faith believes that another individual is suffering the immediate effects of an opioid-related overdose and who administers an opioid antagonist to the other individual is not liable in a civil action for damages resulting from the administration”
Public Act 462 (2014)
“AN ACT to allow peace officers to carry and administer opioid antagonists in certain circumstances; to provide access to opioid antagonists by law enforcement agencies and peace officers; and to limit the civil and criminal liability of law enforcement agencies and peace officers for the possession, distribution, and use of opioid antagonists under certain circumstances.”
Bills define “opioid antagonist” as naloxone hydrochloride or any other similarly acting and equally safe drug approved by the Federal Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of drug overdose.
Amended House Bill 5461
Public Act 312 (2014)
Require emergency medical personnel to carry and be trained to administer naloxone
Public Act 311 (2014)
For healthcare providers, allows naloxone to be prescribed to friends and families (third party prescription)
Public Act 306 (2016) Section 333.7403 – Good Samaritan Law
- An individual who seeks medical assistance for himself or herself or who requires medical assistance and is presented for assistance by another individual if he or she is incapacitated because of a drug overdose or other perceived medical emergency arising from the use of a controlled substance or a controlled substance analogue that he or she possesses or possessed in an amount sufficient only for personal use and the evidence of his or her violation of this section is obtained as a result of the individual’s seeking or being presented for medical assistance.
- An individual who in good faith attempts to procure medical assistance for another individual or who accompanies another individual who requires medical assistance for a drug overdose or other perceived medical emergency arising from the use of a controlled substance or a controlled substance analogue that he or she possesses or possessed in an amount sufficient only for personal use and the evidence of his or her violation of this section is obtained as a result of the individual’s attempting to procure medical assistance for another individual or as a result of the individual’s accompanying another individual who requires medical assistance to a health facility or agency.
Public Act 383 (2016) – Naloxone Standing Order
Allows pharmacies who are registered under the State to dispense naloxone under a standing order from the Chief Medical Executive of Michigan to anyone who asks for naloxone
Public Act 384 (2016)
Gives school boards the option to obtain a prescription for naloxone for the school nurse or other trained employee to administer naloxone in the event of a student overdose.
To read more about the Michigan Compiled Laws, check out the Public ACT MCL search